First Monkeypox case confirmed in Scotland as contact tracing underway

The first case of Monkeypox has been confirmed in Scotland.

Contact tracing is ongoing after the first positive case, as the infected person is currently receiving treatment for the viral infection.

Close contacts will be informed and given health advice, which may include an offer of vaccination.

The source of the infection is currently unknown and Public Health Scotland is working with NHS councils across the country to determine it.

The overall risk to the general public is rated as low.

On Friday May 20, the British Health Security Agency (UKHSA) had identified 20 cases in England, but more are expected.

Public Health Scotland is currently working with the UKHSA, Public Health Wales and Northern Ireland HSC Health Protection Agency, to monitor the situation and respond to potential cases.

Dr Nick Phin, Director of Public Health Science and Medical Director, PHS, said: “Public Health Scotland is aware of one individual in Scotland who has confirmed monkeypox.

“The person concerned is cared for and treated in accordance with nationally agreed protocols and guidelines.

“We have well-established and robust infection control procedures to deal with such cases of infectious disease and these will be strictly followed.

“We are working with NHS councils and wider partners in Scotland and the UK to investigate the source of this infection.

“Close contacts of the case are identified and given health information and advice. This may include the offer of vaccination.

“The overall risk to the general public is low.

“Anyone experiencing an unusual blister-like rash or a small number of blister-like sores on any part of their body, including their genital area, should avoid close contact with others and seek medical attention. if she has any concerns.”

Early symptoms of monkeypox include fever or high temperature, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and exhaustion.

A blister-like rash or a small number of blister-like sores may develop, often starting on the face and then spreading to other parts of the body, including the genital area.

The rash changes and goes through different stages, before finally forming a crust, which usually falls off over the course of a few weeks.

Individuals are contagious from the time symptoms begin until all scabs fall off. During this period, close contact with others should be avoided.

Monkeypox is a viral infection commonly found in West and Central Africa.

The West African strain that was recently detected in the UK is usually a mild, self-limiting disease, transmitted by very close contact with someone who is already infected and shows symptoms of monkeypox.

Most people recover within a few weeks.

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