Contact tracing in effect in an attempt to stop the spread of monkeypox in NB.

Public Health is tracing contacts in an attempt to limit the spread of monkeypox in New Brunswick.

The first confirmed case of the virus in the province, announced last Friday, had not left New Brunswick, said Dr. Yves Léger, deputy chief medical officer of health.

This means “reasonably” that the person contracted the virus either from a resident of New Brunswick or from someone traveling to the province, Léger said in an interview on Tuesday. Gap.

To limit the spread of the virus, Public Health followed the contacts of the case and attempted to find the potential source of infection.

“We’re also looking back to try to see where the case may have picked up his infection,” Leger said.

Dr. Yves Léger, deputy chief medical officer of health, said it was “concerning” that the first confirmed case in New Brunswick was exposed to the virus in the province. (Pascal Raiche-Nogue/Radio-Canada)

New Brunswick has received 140 doses of the monkeypox vaccine, which are being stored to manage close contacts of any identified cases of the virus.

From the initial batch, a few doses were offered to a few contacts of the confirmed case, Léger said.

Leger said Public Health is in talks with the federal government to secure a “significant increase” in vaccine supplies. Public Health would then like to make it available to at-risk groups in an attempt to prevent more cases.

Leger said the virus is transmissible from one infected person to another when they are in close or direct contact. However, monkeypox is “not as easily transmissible from person to person” as SARS-CoV-2. The risk to the general public therefore remains low, he said.

“Those at greatest risk of becoming infected are usually either household contacts with people who live with a case, who regularly share space for many hours, who contact the same environments, for example, or who are intimate sexual partners.”

After exposure, symptoms usually tend to appear within six to 21 days.

Early symptoms, called prodrome that appear before monkeypox erupts, include:

A few days later, a rash develops after the fever. The rash often starts on the face but can affect other parts of the body, such as the hands, feet, mouth, and genitals.

The rash usually begins as flattened reddish patches and develops into raised bumps that may contain fluid.

“That typical start-to-finish picture can take, you know, between two and four weeks from when the first symptoms appear and the rash is completely gone and healed,” Leger said.

Close up of a hand sticking a piece of need into an upside down vial of monkeypox vaccine.
Public Health hopes to get a significant increase in monkeypox vaccines, Leger says. (Christinne Muschi/Reuters)

However, progression does not always happen in the same way.

“Sometimes the rash is the first thing to appear before other symptoms, and sometimes the rash spreads all over the body,” Leger said.

The person infected with monkeypox is recovering well, he said.

“At this time, Public Health continues to monitor their situation very closely.”